JULIE

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8 Super Weird Things You Didn't Know About Halloween

Oct 28, 2014 -- 5:12pm

(HUFFINGTONPOST.COM)

This weird Halloween trivia isn't boo-gus.

Halloween is a time for candy, costumes and the Charlie Brown cartoon special, but how did it become this way? Why are children and teens encouraged to run around the neighborhood threatening tricks? Jack-o'-lanterns are a pretty strange concept, but historically, strangers giving you candy was supposed to be a bad thing.

You may already think that Halloween is a pretty bizarre holiday: What other celebration could inspire both a Sexy Olaf costume and spooky drones? That said, sexy snowmen can't hold a candle to Halloween's truly bizarre origins (even if that's just because a snowman would melt if it held a candle). Chances are you really have no idea just how weird Halloween truly is, so here are eight facts to fix that.

1. Originally, you had to dance for your "treat."

Most experts trace trick-or-treating to the European practice of "mumming," or "guysing," in which costume-wearing participants would go door-to-door performing choreographed dances, songs and plays in exchange for treats. According to Elizabeth Pleck's "Celebrating The Family," the tradition cropped up in America, where it would often take place on Thanksgiving.

In some early versions of trick-or-treating, men paraded door-to-door, and boys often followed, begging for coins. Most of these early trick-or-treaters were poor and actually needed the money, but wealthy children also joined in the fun. Door-to-door "begging" was mostly stopped in the 1930s, but re-emerged later in the century to distract kids from pulling Halloween pranks.

2. Halloween is more Irish than St. Patrick's Day.

Halloween's origins come from a Celtic festival for the dead called "Samhain." Celts believed the ghosts of the dead roamed Earth on this holiday, so people would dress in costumes and leave "treats" out on their front doors to appease the roaming spirits. Granted, the Celts were not solely based in Ireland when these customs started taking shape around the first century B.C., but as will be talked about more in a later section, the Irish Celts were the ones who invented the jack-o'-lantern. This Halloween prototype was eventually disrupted and adapted by Christian missionaries into celebrations closer to what we celebrate today, including partly by the not-Irish St. Patrick, whose work was later mostly recognized by Americans.

"St. Patrick's Day was basically invented in America by Irish-Americans," said Philip Freeman, a classics professor at Luther College in Iowa. According to National Geographic, the holiday was only a "minor religious holiday" until the 1970s in Ireland. So it's not all that Irish. And for what it's worth, St. Patrick probably wasn't Irish himself, his color was a type of blue, not green, and that story about banishing snakes is actually just a metaphor for his triumph over Irish paganism. The type of paganism that invented Halloween.

3. If you'd been around for the earliest Halloween celebrations, you might have worn animal skins and heads.

According to ancient Roman records, tribes located in today's Germany and France traditionally wore costumes of animal heads and skins to connect to spirits of the dead. This tradition continued into modern day celebrations of Samhain, the Celtic holiday that inspired Halloween in America. On this day, merry-makers often dressed as evil spirits simply by blackening their faces. The leader of the Samhain parades wore a white sheet and carried a wooden horse head or a decorated horse skull (a modern Welsh version of this costume is shown above). Young people also celebrated by cross-dressing.

4. Jack-o'-lanterns were once made out of turnips, beets and potatoes -- not pumpkins.

The jack-o'-lantern comes from an old Irish tale about a man named Stingy Jack. According to folklore, Stingy Jack was out getting sloshed with the Devil when Jack convinced his drinking partner to turn himself into a coin to pay for the drinks without spending money. Jack then put the Devil, shaped like a coin, into his pocket, which also contained a silver cross that kept the Devil from transforming back. Jack promised to free the Devil as long as the Devil wouldn't bother him for a year, and if he died, the Devil could never claim his soul. Jack tricked the Devil again later, getting him to pick a piece of fruit out of a tree and then carving a cross into the bark when the Devil was in the branches. This trick bought Jack another 10 years of devil-free living.

 

When Jack finally died, God decided he wasn't fit for heaven, but the Devil had promised never to claim his soul for hell. So Jack was sent off to roam Earth with only a burning coal for light. He put the coal into a turnip as a lantern, and Stingy Jack became "Jack of the Lantern" or "Jack o' Lantern." Based on this myth, the Irish carved scary faces into turnips, beets and potatoes to scare away Stingy Jack or any other spirits of the night.

5. Halloween used to be a great day to find your soulmate.

In some parts of Ireland, people celebrated Halloween by playing romantic fortune-telling games, according to Nicholas Rogers' "Halloween: From Pagan Ritual To Party Night." These games allegedly predicted who they'd marry, and when. Since Halloween, like Valentine's Day, was one of the main celebrations of the year where young people could mingle with the opposite sex, it was also considered a good day to scope out a sweetheart. In America, young people, particularly girls, continued the old Irish tradition. Games, like bobbing for apples, tried to predict future romances, according to the "Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America."

6. In a few American towns, Halloween was originally referred to as "Cabbage Night."

 
This came from a Scottish fortune-telling game, where girls used cabbage stumps to predict information about their future husbands. In the early Framingham, Massachusetts, teens skipped the fortune-telling and simply went around throwing cabbage at their neighbors' houses, according to Framingham Legends & Lore. This was no isolated tradition: In late 19th century America, country boys reportedly rejoiced in throwing cabbage, corn and assorted rotten vegetables, according to "Candy: A Century of Panic and Pleasure."
 
7. Some animal shelters won't allow the adoption of black cats around Halloween for fear they'll be sacrificed.
 

It's unclear whether black cats are actually sacrificed around Halloween, but various animal shelters refuse to let people adopt these cats in the lead-up to the holiday. Lynda Garibaldi, director of The Cats' Cradle in Morganton, North Carolina, told The Huffington Post that the shelter "does not adopt out black cats during the month of October ... because of superstition and the concern that the wrong people (who might harm them) might adopt them."

This type of ban is starting to wane, however. When reached for comment, Emily Weiss, vice president of Shelter Research and Development at the ASPCA, said, "Years ago, this used to be pretty common -- that shelters would not adopt out cats during Halloween for fear of something horrible happening to the cats, but we don't hear too much anymore. And many, many shelters are actually [holding] a special black cat promotion around the holiday."

ASPCA provided this list of a few of the black cat adoption promotions that have been tied to the holiday. As Weiss put it, "Most people who go to shelters to adopt a pet are not going to adopt a pet to sacrifice into ritual."

8. Studies have shown that Halloween actually makes kids act more evil.

As io9 points out, putting costume-wearing kids into groups and introducing a clear object of desire, such as candy, has been shown to lead to "deindividuation." This psychological term explains what happens when a group of maturing young minds begins to care less about the consequences of their individual actions, leading them to do things that they might not do alone.

One study in particular found that unsupervised costumed children in groups were far more likely to steal candy and money than both non-costumed kids and children not in a group. Another similar study found that masked children were significantly more likely to take more Halloween candy than they were supposed to if they believed there was no adult supervision.

 

All photos are from Getty Images, unless otherwise noted.

 

Which States Have Scariest Names?????

Oct 28, 2014 -- 3:26pm

(sheethappens.com)

The Whitepage Games recently combed their directories to see which horror movie characters, directors and actors have the most common names among U.S. residents. They checked for name, number of people with that name and the state with the most people with that name.

Here's what they found:

1. Michael Myers (Halloween): 4,282; 333 in OH

2. Stephen King (Author): 2,068; 168 in TX

3. Norman Bates (Psycho): 96; 9 in TX

4. Jason Voorhees (Friday the 13th): 30; 4 each in PA, CA, NY

5. Annie Wilkes (Misery): 25; 10 in GA

6. Jack Torrance (The Shining): 10; 2 in CA

7. Wes Craven (Director): 7; 2 in NC

8. Alfred Hitchcock (Director): 7; 2 each in CA and MD

9. Max Cady (Cape Fear): 6; 3 in FL

10. Freddy Krueger (A Nightmare on Elm Street): 5; 2 in WA

11. Donnie Darko (Donnie Darko): 4; 3 in PA

12. Samara Morgan (The Ring): 2; 1 each in TX and ND

13. Damien Thorn (The Omen): 1 in CA


Other names ...

Carrie (Carrie): 315,711; 23,343 in CA; first name only
Hannibal (The Silence of the Lambs): 6,399; 97 in CA; first name only
Frankenstein: 510; 92 in PA; last name only
Ghost: 38; 14 in PA; last name only

Bachelor Police Detective Adopts Two Abused Pittsburgh Boys (Video)

Oct 28, 2014 -- 3:21pm

 

(cbsnews.com)

Two brothers in an abusive Pittsburgh foster home found a new father in a lifelong bachelor police detective who took pity on the boys and wanted to give them a better life.

Kid lands the cutest first kiss ever (Video)

Oct 23, 2014 -- 3:19pm

 

While shopping with his father at Best Buy, little Julian finds a potential future girlfriend and lays a big kiss on her! Luckily his dad was there to capture the adorable moment.

Little Big Town Join Grand Old Opry

Oct 22, 2014 -- 6:37pm

(rollingstone.com)

Little Big Town's journey to the Grand Ole Opry came full circle Friday night, October 17th. A sold-out crowd was on hand to watch the platinum-selling group become the Opry's newest members a full 15 years after the "Day Drinking" singers first appeared together on the esteemed Opry stage. The official induction followed the group's surprise invitation earlier this month from fellow Opry cast member Reba McEntire.

Related Little Big Town
Watch Little Big Town Get an Opry Surprise
In 1999, as young hopefuls in country music, the quartet of Karen Fairchild, Kimberly Schlapman, Phillip Sweet and Jimi Westbrook made their performance debut on the Opry stage.

"This was the first place we ever played in front of human beings in a public way," Sweet told Rolling Stone Country and other media outlets backstage before the group's official induction. "We didn't have a band, we didn't have any musicians. It was just us… "

"And one borrowed guitar," Westbrook chimed in.

Having only played in each other's living rooms and at various conference rooms around town in search of a record deal, the foursome received their first invite to play the Opry when another act canceled at the last minute.

"We literally knew three songs," Schlapman said.

"That was the same day we signed our record deal," said Westbrook, who is now married to fellow group member Fairchild.

With several family members and industry friends in attendance to witness the special occasion, the group recalled the influence the 89-year-old Grand Ole Opry has had on previous generations.

"My mother started listening to it as a kid," Schlapman explained. "We listened to it growing up at our house. Then when we came to town, I came to the Opry a few times and sat out in the audience and just dreamed, 'I wonder what it feels like to be invited to be an Opry member.' I've played that through my head so many times across the years. Now we finally know."

"The first time we played the Opry, I had family members listening in other towns, back before Wi-Fi," Sweet added. "My sister had to drive to the golf course 10 miles away from our house just so they could get on the hill to pick up the AM radio to hear the station."

"The only way, down in Georgia, they could hear the Opry was to sit in the car and listen to the radio," Schaplman said, adding that no one in her family knew what time the group was going on, and that her grandfather nearly missed the whole thing when nature called. "He went into the bathroom and, of course, we came on. So my grandmother laid down on the horn and my papaw came out pulling up his pants. He made it just in time. He's in Heaven — with his pants on, I'm sure — watching us now."

The group, who are also celebrating the October 21st release of their sixth album, Pain Killer, chose to echo their very first Opry performance with a back-to-basics rendition of their 2006 hit, "Bring It on Home." After performing their breakthrough Top 10 hit "Boondocks," the group officially joined the cast of the longest-running live radio show in American history. They were inducted by fellow members Vince Gill and Little Jimmy Dickens, who at 93, is the Opry's oldest member.

During their induction ceremony, the group also received well-wishes via video messages from Opry members Carrie Underwood, Keith Urban and the Oak Ridge Boys.

 

 

Willie Nelson: I don't Smoke Joints Anymore

Oct 22, 2014 -- 6:25pm

(mysanantonio.com)

Willie Nelson performing on stage at the Pacific Amphitheater on July 13, 2012 in Costa Mesa, California.Fred Foster, then president of Monument Records, poses with his newest signees, Fred Carter (left) and Willie Nelson, circa 1960. Steven Tyler and Willie Nelson performing during "Willie Nelson and Friends: Live and Kickin'," at Beacon Theatre in New York City, New York, May 26, 2003.Willie Nelson salutes the crowd during a Purple Heart Ceremony at Brooke Army Medical Center on Tuesday, Feb. 8, 2005. Four soldiers were honored in the event. Nelson also visited with wounded soldiers and performed a concert at the center.AUSTIN, TX - APRIL 20: Musician Willie Nelson poses after the unveiling of his statue at ACL, April 20, 2012 in Austin, Texas.Willie Nelson and Senator Barack Obama during FARM AID 2005 Presented by SILK Soymilk at Tweeter Center in Tinley Park, Illinois.Former President Jimmy Carter, Rosalynn Carter and Willie Nelson backstage on Willie's tour bus in Atlanta Georgia at Chastain Park Amphitheater on July 25, 2008.
Willie Nelson, outlaw country singer and Texas' most famous pot smoker, has swapped out smoking joints for something that doesn't hurt his lungs quite as much.

Nelson reportedly told Uncut, a British music magazine, that he uses a vaporizer to toke up because joints are more harmful for his lungs and singing voice, according to WTVA.

The singer told Uncut magazine, "I enjoy smoking. But I use a vaporizer these days; they're better for your voice and lungs. There's no smoke and heat on it. Even though marijuana smoke is not as bad as cigarette smoke, any time you put any kind of smoke in your lungs it takes a toll of some kind."

Nelson has lately been spreading his pot knowledge, giving New York Times columnist Maureen Dowd advice on how she should consume marijuana for a column.

"I needed a marijuana Mr. Miyagi, and who better than Nelson, who has a second-degree black belt in taekwondo and a first-degree black belt in helping NORML push for pot legalization?" she wrote.

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